Robberfly_banner

Spiders

Insects

- Ants

- Antlions Aphidlions & Lacewings

- Backswimmers

- Bees

- Beetles

- Bugs

- Butterflies

- Cockroaches

- Dragon & Damselflies

- Earwigs

- Flies

----- Robber flies

- Grasshoppers, Crickets & Katydids

- Lice & Fleas

- Mantids

- Moths

- Pondskaters

- Silverfish

- Wasps

- Worms

Other Animals

Water drops

ASILIDAE - Robber flies

Insects in the Diptera family Asilidae are commonly called robber flies. The family Asilidae contains about 7,100 described species worldwide.

All robber flies have stout, spiny legs, a dense moustache of bristles on the face (mystax), and 3 simple eyes (ocelli) in a characteristic depression between their two large compound eyes. The mystax helps protect the head and face when the fly encounters prey bent on defense. The antennae are short, 3-segmented, sometimes with a bristle-like structure called an arista.

The short, strong proboscis is used to stab and inject victims with saliva containing neurotoxic and proteolytic enzymes which paralyze and digest the insides; the fly then sucks the liquefied meal through the proboscis. Many species have long, tapering abdomens, sometimes with a sword-like ovipositor. Others are fat-bodied bumblebee mimics. Adult robber flies attack other flies, beetles, butterflies and moths, various bees, ants, dragon and damselflies, Ichneumon wasps, grasshoppers, and some spiders.

Robber fly Gallery (click to enlarge)

Links

AFROmacro

Biodiversity Explorer

Entomological Society of SA

South African National Survey of Arachnida

Spiderz Rule

What's That Bug